Everything you need to know about the ABS system

ABS car stands for Anti-Blocking System, this is an electronic control unit that ensures that the wheels of your car do not lock during an emergency stop. Furthermore, the system ensures that the car remains balanced and manageable.

What is ABS car? How does it work? What are the pros and cons? And what should you do when the light in your car comes on? We will tell you in this blog.

ABS-system since 1992

The first Anti-Blocking System already existed in 1929 and was used for aircraft. In 1978 the first car was launched with an optional anti-lock braking system. Since 2004, it is mandatory for all new cars within the European Union to have an ABS. So there is a good chance that your car has such a system.

Since the introduction of the ABS brakes, more than 300 million ABS systems have been produced. Not only for cars, but also for motorcycles and even electric bicycles.

Over the years, the anti-lock braking system has improved considerably. An example of this is that the weight of the ABS pump has already been reduced from 6.8 kilos to just 1.5 kilos. The lower weight in turn means less fuel consumption and therefore lower emissions.

System with different components

The Anti Blocking System consists of four parts; The sensors (one on each wheel), valves, a pump and an electronic control unit. The sensors continuously measure and monitor the speed of the wheels. When one or more wheels threaten to lock, the braking force on these wheels is reduced. This is done automatically thanks to the electronic control unit.

When the wheel regains traction on the road, the system rebuilds the pressure on the wheel so that the car can brake. This process is repeated up to 15 times per second!

When the Anti-Blocking System is activated you will feel a vibration in the brake pedal. Do not be alarmed by this vibration, The vibration in the brake pedal is normal and is caused by the ABS braking brakes pumping (but very quickly). In order to brake as effectively as possible during an emergency stop, it is best to keep the brake pedal pressed as hard as possible. The ABS braking then ensures that you come to a safe stop

The benefit of a ABS-system

The ABS system ensures that the wheels of the car do not lock when braking hard. This ensures that you can control the car while braking and come to a safe stop. When one or more wheels of the car lock, it becomes unmanageable. Because you have to brake hard during an emergency stop, it is nice that a vehicle also remains steerable so that you can deviate by car.

In addition, the system ensures that you can brake in a bend, but also when driving with the left side of the car on asphalt and with the right side on a different surface that is much smoother, for example a verge. Furthermore, in some cases the ABS ensures a shorter braking distance because a tire that is just rolling (thanks to ABS car) produces more friction than a sliding tire (without an ABS car).